The Fund which supports Nature Conservation Projects for Asia - Pacific Region


Keidanren Nature Conservaition Fund / Keidanren Committee on Nature Conservation


Supported Projects 2003

Supported Projects 2003

Indonesia

1. The Conservation and Research Project on Orangutan of East Kalimantan, Indonesia
Organization: Japan-Indonesia Orangutan Conservation and Research Committee
The range of the distribution of orangutans is being narrowed rapidly in recent years. Surveys of (a) inhabitant distribution for an orangutan protection plan, society/ecology research, patrol on poaching and illegal felling in the Kutai National Park, a habitat of wild orangutans, and of (b) animals and plants of a northern limestone mountain area are conducted, with advocacy of an actual condition survey.
2. Development Biodiversity Conservation Education Program for Rural and Urban Community at Kampong Pending
Organization: RMI the Indonesian Institute for Forest & Environment
Development of an overall environment education method targeting the youth is being conducted in Bogor, which is 70km away from Djakarta, in a RMI facility constructed with the support of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Community systematization, discussion with younger (on problems of organic agriculture and community environment), workshop activities, and leaflet preparation are also being performed.
3. Promoting Nature Conservation and Sustainable Living in Rural Area of Indonesia
Organization: Committee for Environmental Education Project in Indonesia / Japan
A project combining improvement of environment consciousness and enhancing the people life using a micro hydro electric power generator is being implemented in Leuwi Jamang village, located in an extension of Gunung Halimun National Park of West Java province where forest is decreasing due to illegal felling. In succession, same business is conducted in the Sivin village, South Sumatra province.
4. Levering lessons learned from Komodo National Park to create a resilient network of marine protected areas at priority sites in the Flores and Banda Seas Eco-region
Organization: The Nature Conservancy, Costal and Marine Program-Indonesia
The ecosystem of the excellent corals of the Indonesian Flores Sea and Banda Sea are seriously threaten due to destructive fishing methods and scrapped material. Furthermore, albinism is breaking out. In order to protect the biodiversity of the ocean as well as its economic value, a network of ocean protection area is constructed using the most advanced security strategy.

Thailand

5. The environment restore at Malay Peninsula of Thailand from the effect of dig ore for tin
Organization: Japan International Marine Science and Technology Federation
Factors such as forest felling due to mining, neglect of the mining place after the mining and effluence of the water used in the processing of ore, are greatly influencing the ecosystem of the area from the mining periphery till the beach. Study and implement the restore measures. The project site is located at Nakkon Si Thammarat.
6. The Green Carpet Project Phase II in Nakkon Si Thammarat, Thailand
Organization: Research Association for Global Mangrove
During the last 30 years, Thailand's mangrove forest has halved due to conversion into lobster raising pond. A forest regeneration plan was promoted from 1998 to 2002 as the first period, and a 2nd reforestation period of 3 years including fostering and observation started from the fiscal year 2003.
7. Research on Fishy Migration between the Mekong Mainstream and its tributaries Based on Village's Knowledge
Organization: Mekong Watch Japan
The Mekon River is the habitat of over 1,000 species of fish. Prescience is offered on a scientific basis on biodiversity conservation, development of the Mekon River, collection of fish-species data and interviews with people of deep knowledge.
8. Community Environment Center and Natural Resources Conservation Activity Project in Lamphun Province, Thailand
Organization: CARE Japan
Centered in already existing environment center utilizing an old elementary school, environment activities are performed with the co-operation of the school and community, and the recovery of natural resources and the ecosystem of the region is intended.

Philippines

9. Environment education and Reforestation for Biodiversity Conservation
Organization: The Institute of Cultural Affaires (ICA)
The forest of the Bignai area in the river source of Manila has decreased sharply, and its destruction continues. A further decrease would jeopardize the life in the highlands / low-ground and cause shortage of water. Through regeneration of water sources and forests by the local people efforts, biodiversity conservation and earth & water resources security are carried out.
10. Research for Reforestation of Negros Island
Organization: Ikaw Ako
The 13,000 ha (95% of the total area) of mangrove forest that at one time covered the Negros island, the 5th widest island of the Philippines, are today reduced to 500 ha (4%). Its regeneration shows some good results, but on the other hand the tree selection and its planting method have not been the most appropriate. Besides, there are cases of no advance for lack of maintenance. Using GIS (Geography Information System), data are upgraded and the construction of a plan, enforcement organization for reforestation is carried out.
11. Implementation of charcoal burning technology for people in the tropical forest
Organization: Kansho Volunteer Association
Devastation of water source forest of the Real River that flows through the Infanta area of Quezon state, 200 km east-northeast of the Manila coast. Technology transfer of charcoal kiln policy for preventing the reckless lumber felling, and for income improvement through sales and house consumption of palm shell as charcoal material. In addition, (from last year) implementation of a 5-year emergency plan of forestation.
12. Community-Based Ecotourism as a Conservation Strategy in EL NIDO Palawan
Organization: EL NIDO Foundation
There is a rich biodiversity in EL NIDO, northernmost Palawan Island. A protection area is established, but excessive catch of natural resources is becoming constant due to population increase and poverty. In order to protect the biodiversity, provisions of life need to be made and ecotourism must be suited. In the 3rd year, traditional technology and industry that made the most of a unique production material are revived intending the improvement of facilities for exhibitions or attraction.

Vietnam

13. Generating Community Support for Conservation at Xuan Thuy Nature Reserve
Organization: BirdLife International in Indochina
The Xuan Protection area of the protection wetland under the Romsar Convention at the beginning of Vietnam is the spring / fall wintering ground / relay ground of migratory waterfowl including 9 endangered species. The situation of birds and their habitat here is very dangerous due to mangrove destruction, decrease of fishes that feed the birds, and raising pond / agricultural land development pressured by the population. The control of the protection area is inadequate. This time, activities of control from local people leadership are promoted.
14. Compilation of an Illustrated Book Marine Algae [Ecology, Specimen and Use] Grown in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam for the Conservation of Biodiversity
Organization: Wetland International Japan
Alga place is decreasing radically for such factors as land reclamation for the construction of hotels and beach roads. However, there is almost no study of seaweed. Thereupon, picking / survey of seaweed is carried out in Nha Trang and Con Dao, etc., and an illustrated book is prepared.
15. Environmental Education Project in Dan Phuong Village
Organization: Nippon International Co-operation for Community Development
The forests of the Dan Phuong village, located in the central part of the mountainous area of Vietnam, is decreasing rapidly due to the policy of economic liberalization and rapid increase of population. This project explains the present local farmers the importance of running the agriculture as continuously as possible while securing the forestry at the same time, and induces the practice [environment education, operation control / upgrading of model garden].
16. Conservation of Wetland in Ha Tien Plain, Vietnam
Organization: International Crane Foundation, Inc.
The Ha Tien plain, located in the south eastern part of the Mekong delta, has various views such as grassland, forest swamp, rock mountain, and limestone, and supports a rich biodiversity; however, it is facing a serious threat from human activity. Large-scale forest of Australian pure breed eucalypti faces destruction due to earth oxidization and water quality contamination. Not to let the Ha Tien plain disappear, should things continue like this, a new wetland protection area is set up, and a survey / map-make is carried out.

Cambodia

17. Conservation Education and Village-based Ecotourism at Kiriron National Park
Organization: Mlup Baitong
The Kiriron National Park, 120 km distant from Phnom Penh, is the final base of the biodiversity in the sense that forest felling goes on sharply in the buffer area of surroundings. Income from ecotourism is important in order to continuously control and defend these natural resources. Therefore, activities of ecotourism development, training and others are performed in cooperation with the Visitor Center of the Kiriron National Park.
18. Protection of the Southwest Cambodian Elephant Corridor through Government and Community-led Law Enforcement
Organization: Conservation International (CI)
Indochina biggest virgin forest / Cardamom Mountains are a treasure of rare animals and plants. In 2002, the Cambodian government prohibited felling and hunting, concluded a memorandum with CI, and established a forest conservation area of 400,000 ha in the central part of the Cardamom Mountains. Furthermore, the Cambodian government and CI carry out support of ranger / patrol of the protection area boundary, by expanding it 1,600,000 ha till the coast line, while aiming at involving the move-route of the Asia elephants.
19. Conservation of Biodiversity in Upland Heath Forest, Ulu Tungud, Borneo
Organization: Global Environment Center
The heath forest of untrodden highlands with the central protection area of Ulu Tungud, northern Borneo, is a unique place in which elephants and orangutans are seen; threatened by human activity, fires and resources drying, a detailed survey becomes necessary. Responding to requests from the Saba state and others, GEC is contributing to the development of the ecosystem control capability of concerned persons by researching the potential economic value of the forest and preparing maps of the biodiversity.
20. Community Development for Biodiversity Conservation of Borneo's Wetlands
Organization: WWF-Malaysia
The bird protection area of Kota Kinabalu in northern Borneo offers nesting / wintering ground for more than 80 species of birds as well as environment education for inhabitants / children in the periphery. Nevertheless, environment has been deteriorating more and more in recent years due to human factors. In order for the periphery inhabitants to comprehend the importance / need of the wetland ecosystem / natural protection area by utilizing this protection area, research of a development method for a wise use of the wetland and continuation of its natural resources as much as possible is performed.
21. East Timor Sapling Center
Organization: Foundation OISCA
The East Timor Sapling Center is constructed in the OISCA East Timor Training Center, located in Liquica prefecture, 40 km to the west from Dili, the capital East Timor. Since many places of the mangrove forest of Liquica prefecture are destructed, and the forests all over east Timor are diminished a lot, a reforestation strategy at long term become necessary. Nature ecology recovers as the forest increases, and a reforestation project can be started upon completion of the seedling center.

Brunei

22. Conservation of Pristine Mangrove Forest and Enhancement of Public Awareness of Westland and Biodiversity in Brunei Darussalam
Organization: Ramsar Center Japan
80% of Brunei land is covered with tropical zone and wetland forests. Brunei is blessed with petroleum and natural gas, but there is little reliance to the forest resource, and nature survives primordial. On the other hand, environment consciousness is thin, the tackling to environment security is delayed, and environment is beginning to get worse. This project induces environment education, international mangrove conference openings, mangrove forest security plans, control of nature by Brunei, and an early plan for security.
23. Agro-forestry Project for community-based forest conservation and society self-reliant
Organization: Japan International Volunteer Center (JVC)
The 70% of land of Laos territory that was at one time covered with forests is now reduced to 48% that the life of people relies on. Under the open economy structure from 1986, the Government aims for the acquisition of foreign currency from the forest resource and water power generation, but a serious problem in the environment has arisen. And farmers' poverty is going on. This project aims to reserve legally the right of management and usage of the common forest, and to do sustainable agriculture.
24. Enhancement of Biodiversity in Wetland Conservation Zone of Baoqing CountyCHelongjiang Province, P.R.C
Organization: Chinese Society of Agro-Ecological Environment Protection
The wetland of Baoqing district in north eastern Helongjiang Province that was 30% in the 1950's is reduced now to 10%. Same area plays an important role to the biodiversity security of east northern China [designated as Qixinghe large wetland protection area], but details are not understood. Thereupon, survey research of biodiversity is continued together with environment education for concerned authorities and the construction of garden for rare plants.
25. Afforestation and Desertification-Control in Xiaobazi Township, Fengning Country, Hebei Province
Organization: China Association for Non-Governmental Organization Cooperation
Factors such as scarcity of rainfall and excessive pasturage in Hebei make desert expansion advance. The damage decreases the water flow of the Hebei province, source of a river, deteriorating the water quality and exerting bad influence in Korea and Japan. Thereupon, the project aims for improving and conserving the environment through forestation activity, education & training, deepening of the inhabitants' consciousness, ecosystem recovery, and continuation of development as far as possible.
26. Afforestation in Hulun Buir League Inner Mongolia
Organization: Hulun Buir Green
Hailalu city is located in the center of Hulun Buir area of northernmost Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region in China. Here plain degenerates and ecology is deteriorating for such factors as earth loss by flood and scarcity of organic components in a drying earth. Forest ground area is increased 18,000 ha, and there is an afforestation plan that makes forest covering rate 20% from present 8%. Afforestation activity and environment education to contribute to an early realization of this project.
27. Plant Conservation at Aolun Nature Conservation Area
Organization: Desert Forestation Volunteers Association
The vicinity area of Aolun village in the southern end of Kerqin Desert at the eastern part of Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, from the 1930's started to turn into a desert sharply, threatening now the villagers' life. If nothing is done, the conventional vegetation would keep decreasing very dangerously. So, 120 ha of land have been gratuitously borrowed from the local government and the protection / regeneration of vegetation is being tackled as the "Aolun Nature Conservation Area". The results of the test / observation are disclosed for the enlightenment of peasants engaging in agriculture or pasture.
28. Conservation of a Model of Reforestation with Diversity
Organization: Green Earth Network, Japan
The soil erosion and desertification of the Huangtu Plateau of China is very serious, and recently the level of ground water sinks too. Imitating a self-recovered forest in the southern part of Datong, Shanxi province, afforestation of diversity is obtained simultaneously, not by the method of mono-species of plant in large scale. For this, a method of seedling and planting is established, seedbed is upgraded, and the model-forest is made.

Pakistan

29. Conservation of indigenous plant genetic resources in northern highlands of Pakistan in harmony with local communities
Organization: Tsukuba Association Supporting Overseas PRG Activities
Pakistan north is treasure of plant heredity resources. However, since medicinal use plants are in danger of extinction for such factors as excessive catch and sickness harm, their security is intended considering the necessity of improving the welfare of the local community. (Establishment of a system of domestic sales, local cultivation, quality control, etc.)
30. Capacity Building of Journalists through Eco Visits
Organization: WWF-Pakistan
Inviting an environment journalist to an ecotour in order to obtain useful information regarding environment and sustainable development. Enlightenment of enterprises, regional government and persons concerned. Spreading to the general public the importance of the conservation of biodiversity.

India

31. Children's Movement for the Conservation of Biodiversity in a Poor Coastal Community in South India
Organization: Foundation for Sustainable Development (India) Division: International Ocean Institute Operation Center
Greenery has decreased in this area for the extreme shortage of water, and even the ground water if salt-deep. While there was the tradition of how to keep one's health by unique herbs, such kind of knowledge on biodiversity has been lostDRevival of these traditions is aimed for through the utilization of the children's curiosity and enthusiasm.
32. Conservation of Medical Plants and Biodiversity
Organization: Health, Education and Economic Development Society
The covering rate of the Kadapa forest of Central India Andhra Pradesh state has decreased due to the use of fuel and forest felling for commerce. Hence, it is necessary to organize a Committee on Forest Conservation for the Promotion of a forest-control program.

Bangladesh

33. Conservation of Hill Forest Eco-system and Biodiversity in Harbang, Cox' Bazar
Organization: Bangladesh POUSH
The site is located to the south 90 km from Chittagong city in a 3,700ha wet area covered by forest of half-evergreen with rich biodiversity. However, the situation is very dangerous because of fuel use and felling for commerce together with agricultural land expansion. Education and afforestation activities are advanced for forest resource control and ecosystem security with independent inhabitant participation.

Nepal

34. Guiding and Assisting Community Forests in Nepal
Organization: Kumano Inter-Forest Association, Japan
The forest ground of Valuwa village in the capital suburbs is collapsing every where due to long time forest felling. Through invitations of location leaders and persons in charge, fundamental method and technology on forest nursing/creation are conveyed, contributing to the formation of capable people and to a forest culture in accordance with location.
35. Wild Rice Pool Conservation and Management of Ajingara Tal Wetland
Organization: IUCN-The World Conservation Union (Nepal)
Central Nepal's Ajingara Tal swamp is utilized without consideration to biodiversity. Here surveys on wild rice and on society economics regarding the reliance to the application of resources are conducted. Also, enforced are such activities as a campaign with regard to the value of the swamp, the removal of alien invasive species, and recovery business.

Mongolia

36. Empowerment of Wildlife conservation Management in Mongolia
Organization: Wild Birds Society of Japan
Mongolian government is beginning to show an interest to wildlife protection; thereupon, it enforces methods and environment education for a conservation survey to local nature conservation ward-staff, researchers and students. The importance of swamp security is impressed through the protection of cranes.

Bhutan

37. Support Environment Education of 78 School Based Nature Clubs
Organization: Royal Society for Protection of Nature
Bhutan has a forest-covering rate of 72.5%. However, population increases, fuel application for trees and overgraze go on, and even earth erosion is happening. Thereupon, improving a nature club we are trying hard to the diffusion of environment education and to cultivating capable people.

Russia

38. Assistance to the Community-Based Eco-tourism in Bikin River Watershed, Russian Far East
Organization: Friends of the Earth ,Japan
This area, the upper and middle reach of the Bikin River, is an important area where wildlife grows. However, because of the dismantling of national enterprises, inhabitant life gets confused and poverty encourages indiscriminate fell-trees and poaching. Formation of capable people for the introduction of ecotourism and support to a sustainable resources control are performed.
39. Investigation, Conservation and Raising Public Awareness of the Swan Goose in Russia
Organization: Japanese Association for Wild Goose Protection
The breeding ground of Sackalagan constitutes the border periphery of Russia, China and Mongolia. By the deterioration of the environment here, the creature distribution area and individual number drastically decrease. A field survey is done with the cooperation of joint researchers from Russia, and an international conversation network is set up for activities of enlightenment of local inhabitants and hunters.

Solomon

40. Arnavon Marine Conservation Area Project
Organization: The Nature Conservancy, Pacific Division
Armavon islands are rich in biodiversity with many characteristic creatures. Accumulation of data for long time is important to know the situation of ecosystem. A comparative survey regarding the change in the number of turtles is going on. Besides, awareness activity on nature conservation and training of protection officers are enforced.

Papua New Guinea

41. Marine Conservation in PNG through Education and Community Participation
Organization: Mahonia Na Dari Research and Conservation Centre
As for Kimbe bay, coral reef is progressing. However, for such factors as excessive oil palm plantation and felling, earth loss by flood breaks out and fatal damage is happening. Thereupon, environment education, setting of a control area for natural resources, environment monitoring, etc. are been performed.

Ecuador

42. Rescuing and restoring the endangered endemic plants of San Cristobal and Espanola islands, the Galapagos Island
Organization: Charles Darwin Research Station
The characteristics and nature environment of the Galapagos Archipelago need conservation. Conservation of the Calandria group that is in maximum danger of annihilation and growth of miniconia are enforced in San Cristobal island, while in Espanola island the growth and monitoring of the peculiar Opuntia cactus are being worked.

Guinea

43. Reforestation of Tropical Rain Forests to Preserve the Ecological Balance with Primates
Organization: Association of Support for People in Western Africa (SUPA)/Japan
Molota village of the project area is in rain forests area of the Tropical Zone in Central Guinea. In recent years, with commerce felling etc. the forest is devastated, primates drastically decreases due to insufficient food while agricultural products are dameged by primates increases. Thereupon, fruit trees that primates like are planted, reduction of the damage of agricultural products is intended, and coexistence with inhabitants is aimed for.

Burkina Faso

44. Project for Vegetation Restoration with Selection of Appropriate Trees in Different Conditions on the Sahel Region
Organization: Green Sahel/Japan
Takabangu village, the project site, is located at the northwest of Burkina Faso in the Sahel region. The annual precipitation varies with the year and is dwindling. Independent activity of inhabitants themselves is promoted, and improving their consciousness to the environment as well as the related technology, not only the vegetation recovery but also the prevention of desertization are sought.

Asia

45. South Asia preparation and consultation for the World Parks Congress 2003 with a special focus on economics aspects of protected area conservation
Organization: IUCN-Asia
Support of workshops of 5 south Asia countries for the advance preparation to the World Parks Congress to the held in Durban, South Africa, in September, 2003.
46. Formation of Asian Wetland Initiatives
Organization: Ramsar Center/Japan
Sharing with the regional residents facing the concrete wetland theme of "Penang statement" adopted in the "Asian wetland symposium 2001" that was held in Malaysia, independent action aiming for a wise use and partnership of the wetland for Asia is developed.
47. Conservation Activities for the Spoon-Billed Sandpiper on its Breeding and Migration Areas in Russia and East Asia
Organization: Japanese Wetlands Action Network
The Pacific Ocean west side from Chukotsky peninsula in far north Eurasia to Southeast Asia and New Zealand is the crossing route of such birds as the spoon-billed sandpiper and longbill. Since the spoon-billed sandpiper has become an endangered species, its mode of life and breeding/relay ground are investigated contributing to the security plan for its habitat.
48. Development of a Field Survey Training Module on Conservation of Nature in Subtropics for Asian NGO
Organization: Leadership for Environment and Development Japan
LEAD is a program that forms leaders - mainly members of society - in development and environment under an international framework by the advocacy of the Rockefeller Foundation. It is a new training program regarding nature conservation in a subtropical zone for NGO of Asia.

Others

49. A Survey of Ecosystem of Kunashiri Island Territorial and Marine Ecosystem
Organization: Center of Northern Marine Animals of Japan
This area, especially the ocean, is at present in a very dangerous situation due to excessive catch and poaching, the destruction of their ecosystem going on and on. Thereupon, carrying out a field survey through experts' exchange on no-visa base, proposals and security plans covering the whole area of the Northern territory is done.
50. Broadcasting of "The Global Family" by Local Languages
Organization: Television Trust for Environment Japan Committee
Projected image is the most effective popular means for the diffusion of thinking on nature conservation & biodiversity. Gratuitously, a NHK program titled "The Global Family" is broadcasted in Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Philippines and Nepal in cooperation with partner groups.
51. Database Project on Environment Education in East Asia
Organization: Japanese Environment Education Forum/Japan
In order to build cooperative relations in the field of environment education in eastern Asia, grasping the activity condition of main related groups in every country, reliable database are being prepared. This year, Myanmar, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, Laos and Papua New Guinea are been selected.
52. Study on business case for biodiversity in Japanese companies and publishing Japanese version of "Business and Biodiversity Handbook"
Organization: Biodiversity Network Japan
Carrying out the Japanese translation of the guide-line of enterprise activity on biodiversity conservation, survey on examples of conservation activity by Japanese enterprises, and introduction of same survey in the 5th World Parks Conference, as announced by Earthwatch Europe, IUCN and WBCSD in the Johannesburg Summit.

Japan

53. Wetland Preservation Activity at the Foot of Mt. Fuji
Organization: Fujinomiya Nature Conservation Association
The precious Odanuki wetland, that has a unique wetland vegetation in the Mt. Fuji area, is located in the periphery of Lake Tanuki at the western foot of Mt. Fuji of Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. However, drying of the wetland goes on due to such factors as the felling of the periphery forest and decrease of water supply from the periphery in recent years; if nothing is done, the deterioration could turn awful. Thereupon, the project aims at surveys of vegetation and river source, upgrading of wetland security, and continuation of aletophyte security/protection activity. Basic environment security is advanced.
54. Investigation of the habitation situation in the breeding and wintering grounds of steller's sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus)
Organization: Wildlife Preservation Bureau of Hokkaido Corp., Japan
The Sakhalin region of the Russian Federation is one large breeding ground of the steller's sea eagle, an international rare rapacious bird; but the development and implementation of large-scale oil fields in recent years, are thought to greatly influence their breeding. Furthermore, in Hokkaido, which is their wintering ground, the cases of lead poisoning death by wrong food coming from lead shot for hunting Japanese deer, in violation of hunting regulation, rapidly increase. Database showing the present condition of the steller's sea-eagle in the breeding and wintering grounds is prepared, and preliminary moves to frame an efficient security plan are made.
55. On the Strategy of a Biodiversity Conservation of Village Forests
Organization: Totoro no-furusato Foundation, Japan
About all the area of Sayama Hills (Totoro forest), the object ground, is designated natural park of Tokyo Met. and Saitama Pref. At one time the village was almost abandoned, intergradation fairly advanced and the area has become kind of so-called wasteland. Thereupon, studies are conducted on distribution of community and kind of plants, relation between plants and flower-visiting insects, minute inspection of walking insects, relation between the community, inhabitant insects and growing plants. On this basis, a policy of going after effective security is observed.
56. The environmental education program for preservation of the biodiversity in Akan National Park and Kushiro Wetland National Park
Organization: Marimo Research Association, Japan
In the areas of Kushiro wetland, Mashuu Lake, Akanko Lake and others, decrease by accident of water creatures, such as Sakhalin taimen, Japanese crayfish, Chinese mysterysnail and marimo, is sharply advancing. On the other hand, as the North American crawfish increases sensationally, disturbance of the lake bottom and bad influence on the marimo are a matter of concern. During the past 2 years, present condition of the ecosystem in these areas, conventional nature of crawfish and influence exerted in the environment have been studied. Diffusion enlightenment is enforced on the basis of this study result, and the crisis of conventional ecosystem is widely evoked to the society.
57. Training of nature conservation volunteers through international work shop
Organization: The Association of National Trust in Japan
International working camp for about one week is enforced in the 2 places of Mt. Fuji and Aso with participants publicly invited from the interior and exterior of Japan. Individually, the location acceptance groups are "Mt. Fuji National Trust" and "Aso Green Stock". Carrying out environment restoration and aiming at a future forestation through seedling / forestation of Japanese willow with vital power enough to grow even in the rough volcanic grounds of Mt. Fuji. In addition to carrying out plain baking on volunteer basis in Aso, experiencing fire prevention belt in the boundary line of pasture and forest, as well as fire contention activities.
58. Reconstructing the habitat of Nipponia nippon restoration of coppice and agricultural landscape
Organization: Field Center for Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry, Niigata University
The Environment Ministry and the Niigata Pref. designated Sadogashima Island as an object area for the return of the ibis to the wildnessDWith the premise that these birds would be loosed for return to the wildness around 2006, a program of area environment is being carried out. The ibises are mountain-village's birds; but since the environment of Sadogashima is deteriorating substantially, a concrete and clear model of a village that the ibis can live in is adduced. Hence, an open class is held for the inhabitants aiming at scientifically convincing them of the role of a half natural ecosystem such as that of Tanada/mountain-village and that they must take on the restoration by themselves.
59. "Further creation of the Nature Study Garden" at the site of Fukushimagata, and to further promote the conservation of Fukushimagata
Organization: Network Fukushimagata
Fukushima Lagoon is located in the south eastern part of Toyosaka-shi, Niigata Pref., where 220 species of wild birds such as natural monument Bean Geese and 350 species of aquatic/hygrophyte plants such as the Onibasu of authigene northern limit are confirmed as treasures of nature. With a nature study garden based here, and while cooperating with the citizens, such activities as maintenance control of the pond, creature/water-life survey of the lagoon and its periphery, tree planting at the lagoon for Canadian Rice food grass of the Bean Geese opening an observation meeting, and instruction on nature protection.
60. Practical Application of the Comprehensive Study on Glirulus japonicus into Environmental Conservation and Environmental Education
Organization: The Japanese Dormice Preservation & Research Group
The Japanese dormice are designated as one of the natural treasures in Japan, but its extinction is an item of concern of the Red Data Book. It is highly connatural to the Japanese Islands and one of the most senior mammals of Japan; nevertheless, the increase of forest development and artificial forest in recent years are endangering its growing. It is necessary to study the Japanese dormice ecologically, behavioristicly, genetically, physiologically and comprehensively. Utilizing those research results, a concrete plan of protection, as well as a forest security policy are prepared and presented, and then applied also to environment education.
61. Conservation of loggerhead sea turtle in Yakushima Island, their greatest rookery in the Northern Pacific.
Organization: Yakushima Umigame-Kan
Yakushima Island is the biggest egg-laying place of the loggerhead turtle and the landing northern limit in Japan for the green turtle (both of them endangered species). The beach decreases, the environment deteriorates, spectators increase, pines wither and the light of the automobiles hit the beach. These circumstances seriously influence the turtles' return to the sea after their landing, egg-laying and incubation. Thereupon, tree planting and control of shading forest, seashore cleaning and ecosystem survey etc. are enforced. Furthermore, protection and enlightenment of sea turtle and environment through school/training are carried out utilizing the place of education.
62. Research of rare seabirds in Teuri Island
Organization: Committee to Seabird Protection of Teuri Island
Teuri Island belongs to Hokkaido Haboro-cho, having a 12km perimeter and a 5.5ha area. 500 people live here engaging in fishing industry and sightseeing. It is a globally rare island where 8 species of one million sea birds live symbiotically. Securing diversity of breeding ground of sea birds, and intending a symbiosis of a sea birds with persons, a basic survey of inhabitant condition of guillemot, sea-sparrow and sea-crow that are near extinction is enforced. From this, basic data on the security of all the sea bird breeding ground are obtained.
63. Research of harmful chemical pollution for Tancho (Grus japonensis) and analysis of its factor
Organization: Tancho Protection Unit
Japanese crane of the eastern part of Hokkaido has recovered to 900 birds thanks to a successful feeding, but the wetland that is its nesting ground is being lost for such factors as the development of farmland. As a result, the nesting ground and feeding place of Japanese cranes are approaching to farming and pasture areas. In over winter period, Japanese cranes concentrate on feeding place where agricultural chemicals, antibiotics for sick prevention, sterilization medicine etc. are mixed, involving the birds. Hence, the need of grasping the situation of the accumulation of harmful substances inside the body of the Japanese cranes. Also, by tracing action future measures are examined.
64. Survey and census of sea populations in the Iriomote National Park
Organization: Sea Turtle Association of Japan
Many sea turtles, including maturity individuals (loggerhead turtles, green turtles and hawksbill turtles) inhabit in the west area of Iriomote National Park, which constitutes an important inhabitant area for them. Landing and egg-laying are greatly seen in the south shore, in spite of a drastic decrease of these creatures in this area. To pinpoint the cause, basic biological data of sea turtles, especially those needed for grasping the situation of the inhabit and landing/egg-laying, are accumulated.