The Fund which supports Nature Conservation Projects for Asia - Pacific Region

Keidanren Nature Conservaition Fund / Keidanren Committee on Nature Conservation

Supported Projects 2004

Supported Projects 2004


1. Conservation and Research on Orangutans in East Kalimantan, Indonesia
Japan Indonesia Orangutan Conservation and Research Committee
Orangutan research area is situated in East Kalimantan Indonesia, in the equator area. Wild life is rich in the limestone area in the northern part of Kutai. Orangutans with other two species were distributed for conservation, and the site is proposed as new National Park. Activities include continuous research on the pointed individuals of orangutans, patrol on the poachers and tree-cuttings in the research area, care of the observation traces and bridges, and management of the research camps.
2. Improvement of Sustainable Livelihood based on participatory natural resource management
The Japan Environmental Education Forum
A sustainable livelihood is realized through local residents' network construction and empowerment in east Kalimantan state. A structure is made for the residents to learn together by themselves through success examples, problem solution, etc. Suitable management of nature resources and a program planning towards improvement are performed.
3. Flores and Banda Seas Eco-Region II
The Nature Conservation, Coastal and Marine program-Indonesia
The Nature Conservancy's strategy to protect marine areas is designated to achieve ecological sustainability. This will provide a solid foundation for livelihoods through new employment opportunities, such as tourism. The project focuses on involving communities and other stakeholders, on collaborative management and on building a firm legal foundation for park zoning. Priority attention will be given to reducing destructive fishing practices.
4. Conservation of Endangered Hawksbill Turtle at Segama Kecil island, Lampung, Indonesia
Everlasting Nature Foundation - Indonesia Sea Turtle Research Center
Some 200 nests per year of hawksbill turtles are found in the Segama Kecil island, located at about 30km east of Meringgai, Sumatra Island. Since all nested eggs are harvested by the local fishermen, a protection system placing a surveillance hut with watchman is established, and monitoring of the number of landing as well as the number of laying eggs is carried out. In addition, hatching investigation is conducted, and young researchers are trained.
5. A project to conserve biodiversity in Indonesia through research on domestic and international trade of Indonesian timber
TRAFFIC East Asia - Japan
The tropical forest of Indonesia is being quickly destroyed by plantation, mining, fires, superfluous felling, etc., notwithstanding that it is one of the richest areas of bio-diversity. Contribution to the preservation of the tropical forest by improving the present system of dealings report and supporting a statistics system useful to proper management of woods.
6. Community participation in law enforcement for Orangutan conservation, Gunung Palung National Park
Fauna & Flora International - Indonesian Programme
The Gunung Palung National Park of Borneo southwest part is the most important place for orangutan preservation. In order to protect this habitat, the execution of the law must be strengthened through such means as patrolling by local people regarding poaching or illegal felling. Protection unit's strengthening and training are aimed at.


7. The Green Carpet Project II in Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand
Research Association for Global Mangrove(Japan)
In the past, the coastline of Nakhon Si Thammarat was covered with rich and huge mangrove forests, recently destroyed for construction of shrimp farms. This project aims to reproduce rich ecosystem and bio-diversity with mangrove plantation, so as to absorb a lot of CO2 and to protect against the earth warming, land erosion and loss of human life from strong tidal waves. Activities include mangrove planting in abandoned shrimp ponds and aftercare of project sites already planted.
8. The environment restore at Malay peninsula from the effect of arsenic and heavy metal by dig ore for tin
Japan International Marine Science and Technology Federation
Water contamination poses a great problem, with the worsening of the ecosystem due to such factors as the deforestation for mining in the mountain slopes of the Malay Peninsula, effluence of city water for ore processing and the neglect of the mining gob ground. While constructing and working a water purification pilot plant, the actual condition of environmental pollution is investigated in detail.
9. Environmental Education for Highland Children Project
CARE Raks Thai Foundation
Taking advantage of experience in the environmental education center of Lanpun province, this type of education is given to children aiming at the revival of traditional knowledge of the natives, and at the natural resource management in Mae Daed, which is 150km northwest of Chan Mai, and a Chaem Luang areas.


10. Environment Education and Reforestation for Biodiversity Conservation
The Institute of Cultural Affairs : Japan
The main purpose of this project is to enlighten local people about the importance of forests and bio-diversity, encouraging them to take the initiative in revitalizing the surrounding environment. The Bignay, located in the Sierra Madre mountain range, used to have rich bio-diversity with various flora and fauna including endemic tree species and Philippine Eagle. Some of those species already disappeared due to deforestation, and conservation & revitalization of biodiversity became an urgent need.
11. Village supply plantation using coconut shell charcoals
Kansho Volunteer Association
The water source of the Real river which flows through the Quezon province is devastated by reckless deforestation, disaster, etc., exhausting extremely the life of the residents in the woods. Charcoal made from coconut husks is produced, residents' income is raised, reckless deforestation of miscellaneous trees is prevented, and an 5-year afforestation afforestation plan is carried out.


12. Environmental Education Project in Dan Phuong Village
Nippon International Cooperation for Community Development
Due to rapid population increase, farmland expansion progresses and, as for the Dan Phuong Village in the middle of Vietnam , forests are decreasing in number. The importance of sustainable agriculture and forestry industries based on modern techniques while conserving the forest, is taught to local farmers, urging the practice.
13. Dugongs in Vietnam : Conservation planning for a critically endangered population
WWF-Indochina Programme(Vietnam)
Con Dao Islands are the habitat of a few dugongs in Vietnam. However, important alga places are disappearing by over-hunting, development, etc., leaving the alga in a critical situation. Investigation of alga places, education campaign, etc. are carried out in response to advice and proposals in the workshop for dugong protection last year.


14. Susutainable Village-based Ecotourism and Conservation Education at Kirirom National Park
Mlup Baitong
The project is situated at Kirirom National Park and its environs, approximately 120 kilometers from Phnom Penh. It aims at establishing community-based ecotourism. Evidence of mammals species has been collected in recent surveys, including Serow, Sun Bear, Asiatic Black Bear, Elephant, Pileated Gibbon, Leopard, Leopard cat, Yellow throated Martin, Sundra Pangolin, East Asian Porcupine, which are species of global, regional and national importance.
15. Capacity building and awareness for community fisheries in Kompong Chhnang
Japan International Volunteer Center
The nature of the project is a participatory natural resources management. In the Tonle Sap Lake area, fishing is a very important job to support livelihoods, and an unsustainable privatization within the fishery sector has caused harm not only for the biodiversity in said lake but also for fisheries and the livelihood of the local communities. Activities include community fisheries meetings, information gathering and dissemination/sharing on community fisheries.
16. Community-based ecotourism development in support of the conservation of the Ang Trapaeng Thmor Sarus Crane Reserve, Banteay Meanchey Province
International Crane Foundation
The reservoir of Phnom Srok area is the concentration ground of the dry season of the endangered Eastern Sarus Crane, and the refuge of a rich diversity of other precious waterfowls. Sightseeing development of nature and culture for the benefit of the community is performed, and loss of the forest by too much invasion of local residents as well as grassy place are prevented.
17. Community Based Natural Resources Management for Conservation of the Central Cardamoms Protected Forest
Conservation International
In July, 2002, the central Cardamom forest conservation division was founded in a virgin forest area which escaped the hand of substantial development of the central part of a Cardamom mountain range. In this division, participation of local community and strengthening of responsibility toward natural resource management, as well as implementation of a plan for use of participated type land for livelihood support are promoted.


18. Development of Environmental Education and Biodiversity Conservation programme for Local Communities in and around Kukup Mangrove Island, Ramsar site, Malaysia
Wetlands International-Asia Pacific Malaysia
The Kukup Island in which mangrove grows luxuriantly and various waterfowls gathers is a permanent preservation wood. It has also the Ramsar site, a state park, but is faced by water pollution due to direct abandonment of soil corrosion, float basket fishing, garbage, etc. An information & education center, a corduroy road and a suspension bridge were prepared with eco-tourism in mind, but the staff was unripe.
19. Reconstruction project of lowland tropical rain forests in Malaysia, based on vegetation science
Japanese Center for International Studies in Ecology
While the Borneo Bintulu belongs to a tropical rain-forests region, vast woods and biodiversity are being quickly lost due to slash-and burn land, wood felling, deployment of large-scale plantation, etc. The theory of the environmental preservation wood formation called the Miyawaki system is applied, and reproduction of tropical rain forests with the highest natural gender is aimed at.
20. Regeneration of Tropical Rain Forest in Sarawak, Malaysia
Japan-Malaysia Association
Environmental aggravation in the State of Sarawak of northern Borneo is strongly feared due to tropical forest destruction, felling and forest fires in recent years. In this State, forestation is being carried out for an area of 50ha, in addition to environmental education and living environment investigation.
21. Conservation of Biodiversity in Upland Heath Forest, Ulu Tungud, Sabah, Borneo
Global Environment Centre
Ulu Tungud Forest Reserve in Sabah in Northern Borneo includes mountainous terrain with a maximum height of 1300m and slopes of more than 25o. Soil is ultra basic, including concentration matters, such as strongly toxic magnesium and chromium. Peculiar animals and plants live in the low forest. The biodiversity of the ecosystem of this rare heath wood is evaluated, and the management strategy for preservation is developed.

East Timor

22. Support for the establishment of a protected area system in Timor-Leste
BirdLife Asia Division, Tokyo
East Timor is the world's newest nation blessed with a treasury of biodiversity, but the government is not functioning enough in terms of protection of nature. Preservation measures are advised for at least five biodiversity areas within the declared "15 Protected Wild Areas of East Timor" (UNTAET). Training of the NGO's persons concerned, and governmental & local leaders is performed.


23. Community-based forest conservation and Integrated Rural Development Project for Self-reliance Society
Japan International Volunteer Center
Khammouane province, where this project is conducted, is located in the middle of Laos. There still remains a plenty of forest compared with other provinces. However, many development projects are going on the province because infrastructure is quite convenient to access from Thai to Vietnam. For achieving "self-sufficiency", which is an important task in Laos, modern agriculture by using pesticide and chemical fertilizer has been introduced threatening natural resources.
24. Production of Visual Documentation of Environment and its Utilization for Environmental Education
Mekong Watch
In Laos, resource degradation of rivers and woods due to economical development is observed, and information gathering with emphasis on environmental problem and continuous nature resource management is given great importance. In 4 prefectures of the southern part, A TV environment program is staged through the local television station, and an environmental organization is provided with information by televising and videoizing.


25. Afforestation in Hulun Buir league in Inner Mongolia
Hulun Buir Green (Japan)
The Hulun Buir city in Inner Mongolia is facing serious ecology and environment problems due to prairie degeneration, soil spill and other factors. Forest ground area is increased 18,000ha, an afforestation plan to make 20% the forest covering area from present 9% is drawn up, and afforestation activities as well as environmental education are implemented continuously.
26. Enhancement of Biodiversity in Wetland Conservation Zone of Baoqing County of Helongjiang Province,P.R.C
Chinese Society of Agro-Ecological Environment Protection
The large swamp of Baoding County in north eastern part of Heilongjiang Province is specified as a refuge that is playing an important role for biodiversity preservation; however, its details are un-solved. Investigation of diversity is implemented continuously, but since financial support from the country is not expectable from now on, funds are filled up by eco-tourism. There is a plan of echo-agriculture and education/training for the inhabitants.
27. Construction of a model of reforestation with diversity
Specified non-profit corporation Green Earth Network
The project is located in Datong, Shanxi province, the source of water supply to Beijin. Soil erosion and desertification are very serious, and a "Back to the Forest" must be promoted. At the south Datong, there are some self-recovered forests with various kinds of deciduous broadleaf trees such as ash, Japanese oak, maple, birch and Japanese linden. Activities include making a model forest, showing how to cultivate nursery trees, planting trees appropriate to each place and recovering the forest with good ecological system.
28. Forestation and Protection of Nature Protection Area in Inner Mongolian Highland
Desert Planting Volunteer Association (Japan)
The Inner Mongolian Highland was once a rich green land of forest and grass, but the land has been degrading and desertification has expanded during the last 300 years by continental dry climate. Species have also been reduced by half in the past 20 years. It is indispensable to maintain the biodiversity and protect native species. Taking advantage of the experience & knowledge in the past four years, afforestation and protection are carried out.


29. Conservation of indigenous plant genetic resources in northern highlands of Pakistan in harmony with local communities
Tsukuba Association Supporting Overseas PGR Activities-TASO-PGR(Japan)
Northern areas of Pakistan are the center of genetic diversity of various plant species. Roll of traditional medicine, based on plants, is very important in Pakistan. Over-exploitation of these local plants is threatening the conservation of their genetic diversity as well as the local ecosystem. Activities include promoting the enthusiasm of local communities for nature conservation and keeping the solidarity of the participants and publicizing the achievement.


30. Children's Movement for the Conservation of Biodiversity in a Poor Coastal Community in South India
Foundation for Sustainable Development
The project is located in the coastal area of Tuticorin District. Agriculture declines because of water shortage and lack of green cover. The tradition of how to keep fit biodiversity peculiar to this district is being lost. This project aims at using children's curiosity and enthusiasm to conserve local biodiversity and bring back the use of traditional medicine through practical training.


31. Conservation of Hill Forest Eco-system and Bio-diversity in Harbang, Cox's Bazar through Community Participation
Bangladesh POUSH
Harbang Union is situated in Chakaria Upazila of Cox's Bazar district, which is about 90 km. south of Chittagong city and 60 km. north of Cox's Bazar town. The forest covers an area of 9,000 acres of semi-green forest. The south west and northeast part of Harbang forest is entirely deforested and encroached. Activities include establishing 6 nurseries, each with capacity of 8000 seedling/sapling and planting 35,000 various local trees species for reforesting 35 acres of denuded hill forest land.
32. Conservation of Wildlife Biodiversity in the Tanguar Haor Areas : 2nd Phase
Nature Conservation Management
The Tanguar Haor is one of the largest and most important wetland systems in the northeastern region of Bangladesh. The diversity of birds is rich, but their number decreases sharply due to environmental aggravation and capture. Sea turtles and mammals are also sharply decreasing to the point of nearing extinction. The government specifies this area as an endangered environment. Improvement in the biodiversity management ability of wildlife through residents' participation is aimed at.
33. Susutainable Harvesting Campaign for Sundarban Stakeholders
Center for Coastal Environmental Conservation
Sundarban along the Bay of Bengal is the world's largest mangrove forests (10,000 square kilometers) constituting a buffer zone which protects coastal life and ecosystem. Since its existence is threatened, a campaign appealing to sustainable extraction of the natural resources is carried out urgently.


34. Project of Guiding and Assisting Community Forests in Nepal
Kumano Inter-Forest Association Japan
The woodland of the Baruwa village in metropolitan suburbs has collapsed here and there by years of deforestation. Contribution to personnel training and fostering of forest culture based there, through invitation of local instructors or persons in charge as well as transmission of technology and fundamental afforestation method.
35. Conservation of Forest and surrounding environment and bio-diversity by local initiation
Paropakar Primary Health Care Centre
A 35km Sano Banghali village and a Chaubas village, distant 35km from Katmandu, are surrounded by forests, hills and grassland. Many villagers are living in poverty and extract forest-products for survival. Relief of poverty and preservation of environment & forest are aimed at through the education of the villagers so that they use their own initiative.


36. Empowerment of wildlife conservation management in Mongolia
Wild Bird Society of Japan
By means of training in the spot and symposium for Mongolian nature conservation personnel, researchers and students, improvement in protection technology, method of protection investigation and environment education are carried out. Moreover, relationship of international protection cooperation between China, Russia, etc. is built.


37. Recovery of the population and their habitats of White-fronted Geese Anser albifrons, a flagship species, in the east Asia
Japanese Association for Wild Geese Protection
The white-fronted goose is the index bird of a rich swamp, and the measure for the individual recovery brings about big benefit also for various waterfowls. Investigation on the Pek'lnei Lake, breeding and hibernation grounds is conducted, recovery mechanism is solved, and protection strategy is decided.
38. Community-Based Conservation of the Bikin River Watershed
FoE Japan (Friends of Earth Japan)
The upper and middle reach of the Bikin River is of global importance in terms of biodiversity. This area provides crucial habitat to rare and endangered species, such as Amur Tiger, Blakiston's Fish Owl and Himalayan Black Beard. Activities include field research to know the degree of illegal logging and poaching as well as opening a visitor center in the village for Russia, and promoting multiple and sustainable forest use by finding fair-trade partners for the non-timber forest products.


39. Arnavon Marine Conservation Area Project
The Nature Conservancy, Melanesian Program Pacific Division
The Arnavon Islands support a great diversity of marine resources, including key species of commercial and subsistence value for local communities. They have 41 species of birds, 6 species of bats, and at least 7 species of terrestrial reptiles, and are an important nesting ground for the rare Standford's Sea Eagle, Brahmay Kites, ospreys, megapodes, two species of pigeon, and many seabird species. Activities include training local people to carry out conservation duties.


40. Support for community based mangrove management and environmental education at the Sa'anapu-Satoa mangrove forest, Samoa
International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems
The Sa'anapu-Satoa mangrove forest (75ha) is rich in biodiversity, has many endemic species and is specified as a sea refuge, located in southern Upolu coast. Comparison investigation about transition of number of turtle-habitats has been performed since 1991. Furthermore, awareness activity of nature conservation, and training of protection officers are carried out.


41. Rescuing and restoring the endangered endemic plants of San Cristobal and Espanola islands,the Galapagos Islands
Charles Darwin Research Station
For San Cristobal Island, study of the critically endangered endemic plant Calandrinia galapogosa and promoting the regeneration of the vegetation community dominated by the endangered endemic shrub Miconia robisoniana. For Espanola Island, investigation of interactions between the endangered Opuntia megasperma orientalis and animals including finches, mockingbirds, lizards and tortoises as well as monitoring the vulnerable Lecocarpoides with the reasons for its near-extinction.


42. Reforestation of Guinean Tropical Rain Forests to Preserve the Ecological Balance with Primates
Association of Support for People in Western Africa
Molota Village, SUPA's project site, is around 112,000ha and is located in the tropical forests of Central Guinea. Its population is around 10,000. In Molota Village, commercial logging for export has caused food shortage for primates and sharp decrease in their population, as well as crop products damages by hungry primates. Main activities are thinning, weeding, establishment of fire protection belts and water supply, as well as observation of young tree grown from stumps or from seeds.

Burkina Faso

43. Project for vegetal restoration with selection of appropriate trees in different conditions on the Sahel region
Action for Greening SAHEL (JAPAN)
This project aims at conserving and guarding trees by independent promotion of the population. Plantation is the keyword to conserve the environment and to stability for life. Carried out are such activities as the choice of valid trees and plantations, aiming at recovering of vegetation in each planting place; the vegetation research and management after afforestation; and the reinforcement of vegetation management by residents-selves.


44. Conservation of the Vohimana rainforest through local enterprise development and reforestation
Man and the Environment
Vohimana is an important rain forest in eastern Madagascar. Although it is the habitat of many reptiles, amphibians, birds, and medicinal herbs, destruction advances due to too much slash-and-burn farming. Forest reproduction for protection of eco-tourism and Indri endangered species as well as volunteer-recruit enterprises (renewal of website, accommodation improvement, etc.) are undertaken.


45. The Terai Arc Landscape in India-Securing protected areas in the face of global change
IUCN-The World Conservation Union, Asia Programme
The project spans across the Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) in India. The TAL falls within one of the WWF's Global 200 Ecoregions, being extremely rich in biodiversity with four globally endangered species - the Indian tiger, Asian elephant, one-hornet Indian rhinoceros, and swamp deer. The project aims at reaching agreement of the global change factors including habitat fragmentation, change in land use, and human demographic pressures, as well as facilitating consultations with the range of key stakeholders, including co-operation between the Indian and Nepalese counterparts.
46. Asian Wetland Initiatives(Asia)
Ramsar Center Japan
The Asian continent has incredibly diverse and valuable natural ecosystems, especially the rice fields, mangrove forests, peat swamp forests and coral reefs that are known as the Asia's unique wetland ecosystems. However, because of the recent economic development, population explosion, unsustainable use of natural resources, gap between the rich and the poor, global climate change and other social factors, Asian wetland ecosystems have been heavily affected. Building international co-operation has now become necessary in tackling these problems.
47. Environmental preservation activity and practice of environmental education through exchange with Russian youth
The Nature Conservation Society of Toyama/Japan
Banding investigation is conducted all over the country in Japan based on the Japan-Russia Migratory Bird Treaty (1988), but not in Russian Far Eastern Region. Youth of Russia and Toyama Prefecture participates together in banding investigation and biotope enterprise of migratory birds, facilitating protection-of-nature activities.
48. Conservation Activities for the Spoon-billed Sandpiper on its Breeding and Migration Areas in Russia and East Asia
Japan Wetlands Action Network
The Pacific Ocean west side from Chukotskiy Poluostrov at the northernmost tip in Eurasia to Southeast Asia and New Zealand is the course of the passage of sandpiper plovers, such as the spoon-billed sandpiper. Since spoon-billed sandpiper is on the verge of extinction, its passage and ecology are investigated with breeding ground and relay background, contributing to the preservation policy of the species habitat.
49. Database Creation and Workshop Project on Enviornmental Education Project Example in the East Asia
The Japan Environmental Education Forum
The whole project aims to supply basic information to disseminate environmental education and solve environmental problems in the East Asia. This also provides links to groups and international institutions active with implementing/facilitating environmental education and sustainable development in their respective fields. Activities Include making arrangements with counterpart organization, collecting information on environmental education projects, compiling the data, translation, workshops, and disclosing via Internet.
50. Broadcasting of "The Global Family" by local languages
Television Trust for the Environment Japan Committee, Tokyo, Japan
Image is a means effective for spreading the idea of the protection of nature and biodiversity. However, there are few televising opportunities of these images in developing countries. In cooperation with partner-organizations of Asian countries, the project aims at broadcasting "The Global Family" series of NHK gratuitously to six nations including Cambodia and Nepal.
51. Model of coexist between the ecosystem preservation and the primary industry in the northern territory
Marine Wildlife Center of Japan (Incorporated Non Profit Organization/NPO)
The project area comprises the four islands of Etorofu, Kunashiri, Shikotann and Habomai. This area is one of the highest life-productive areas in the world. Due to heavy pressure of recent poaching, natural resources got largely damaged. Activities: 1) Summary of ecosystem and making a conservation plan as well as suggestion for the Northern territory. 2) Survey of the primary industry and supplementary investigation. 3) Symposium on present condition, problems and preservation proposal.
52. Study of genetic diversity for conserve Red-crowned Crane
Tancho Protection Unit
Red-crowned Crane is listed as threatened species. It is bred at two separated areas, north-east China and east Russia. In the Amur River basin, the "Genetic Diversity of Mainland" study will be carried out in order to establish comparison with the cranes of Hokkaido. Other activities comprise 1) collection of body size data of the crane; 2) building up a proposal for crane population control based on the difference of mainland and Hokkaido's populations; 3) air surveys to observe the breeding status of Tancho.


53. The creation of a cooperative network of nature guide organizations, and a following formulation and promotion of its guidelines to facilitate and establish ecotourism activities in Shiretoko National Park
Nonprofit Shiretoko Naturalist's Association (Japan)
Approximately 40,000ha of Shiretoko Peninsula are designated as National Park, which is likely to be designated World Heritage Site. With this possible designation, an increase of marketing/promotion not suited for a natural treasure, and a subsequent increase of tourists are predicted. Hence, intended are such activities as the publication of a Japanese translation of "Sustainable Tourism in Protection Areas", and symposiums to discuss the future of Shiretoku from a mass tourism destination to an ecotourism destination.
54. Investigation of the habitation situation in the breeding and wintering grounds of Steller's sea eagle
Wildlife Preservation Bureau of Hokkaido Corp.
The State of Sakhalin is the No. 1 breeding ground of the rare Steller's sea eagle, with an estimated 100 breeding pairs existing here. Large-scale oil field development has begun within the main breeding area, considerably influencing the life of Steller's sea eagle. Hence, activities of breeding investigation, trapping the nestlings, transmitter marking, wintering ground research, etc. are carried out.
55. Conservation of loggerhead sea turtle in Yakushima Island, their greatest rookery in the Northern Pacific
Non Profit Organization Yakushima Umigame-kan
Loggerhead turtle and green turtle migrate to Yakushima Island for reproduction. Both are categorized as endangered species. The project sites are incorporated into a National Park. The number of visitors or tours has increased since the island was named to the UNESCO list of world heritage. Activities: 1) counting turtle tracks and nets; 2) translocation of eggs threatened to be washed away; 3) protection of doomed hatchlings; 4) tagging of nesting females; 5) museum education, etc.
56. Investigation of ecosystem diversity at the northern water area in the Mt. Fuji
Fujihokuroku ecosystem investigation group
A synthetic investigation in the northern base of Mt. Fuji has not been made for 30 years now. The actual condition of comprehensive biota is clarified by investigating plants, fungi, animals, etc. of northern water area. Results are widely exhibited contributing to concrete and effective ecosystem preservation.
57. Current State of Major Spring Lines in Japan and Recommendations for Conservation Measures
Wetlands International Japan
While spring lines have many water-living beings peculiar to Japan, they are easy to be influenced by development. Within the 500 important Japanese swamps which the Ministry of Environment announced in 2002, 16 places' biota and ecosystem are investigated and analyzed for proposals on preservation policy, and the accumulated information has been released.
58. Enlightening activity in Mikurajima Island for bottlenose dolphin's living environmental preservation
Mikurajima Bandouiruka Kenkyukai
A watching boom of wild dolphins has remarkably increased the tourism and related activities in the land and sea of Mikurajima. However, watching with disregard of ecology and habitation environment of dolphins has applied too much burden. Video, booklets, and DVD are created and distributed in order to educate tourist and residents of Mikurajima on the precious nature of wild dolphin ecology.
59. Conservation of biodiversity in water source forest of the Lake Kasumigaura through regional development
Nonprofit organization the Asaza Fund
Biodiversity is falling remarkably by corruption of water quality, fishing decline, forest abandonment, etc. accompanying development in Kasumigaura. Biodiversity preservation of the forest that protects water source of the valley and reconstruction of healthy water resources are advanced by biomass practical use of flat-ground woods (Satoyama)
60. Establishment of an Integrated Model for Natural Resource Management and Revitalization of Rural Economy in the Western Area of Biwa Lake
Nippon International Cooperation for Community Development
The project site (7.4ha) is located in Shiga prefecture, north of Mt. Hiei. This area needs to be conserved because of its rich biodiversity and is location between the natural forest of Higashiyama (Kyoto city) and Lake Biwa. Activities: 1) Survey of soil, water quality, vegetation, wildlife, database production. 2) Civil work, such as the construction of the workshop to dry and store the logs for building a multi-purpose house. 3) Training on appropriate agricultural/forestry techniques for younger generation.
61. General Study of Dormice - for their protection, forest preservation and application to environmental education
The Japanese Dormice Preservation & Research Group
The Japanese dormice are a natural treasure of a Japanese endemic species, and are in the red data list of semi-endangered species. Dormice are specified as a protection kind also in many European countries. Making a network of researchers in Japan and abroad, the biodiversity for dormice in the world is enforced with proposals on protection measures and creation of environmental education contributing to forest preservation.
62. Wetland Preservation Activity at the Foot of Mount Fuji
Fujinomiya Nature Observation Association
The Odanuki wetland, which has the only wetland plants in the Mt. Fuji area, is experiencing reduction of water supply from the periphery in recent years. Decline degradation is feared if drying of wetland is permitted to progress by felling of periphery forest and other factors. The protection activities of marsh plants, such as vegetation investigation and swamp preservation maintenance are continued, and fundamental environmental preservation is advanced.
63. Mount Fuji Forest Reforestation Activity
Association for Mount Fuji Forestation
The site is 6.5ha in the natural reservoir for groundwater of Mount Fuji national forest. It is located within Fuji Hakone-Izu national park. It is rich in soil and conveniently connected to forest roads. Specific activities include forest maintenance, deforestation or chopping down the damaged trees and dead woods, monitoring and patrolling for damage by animals, natural disasters and humans. Damage on trails, illegal industrial waste dumping, stone and mineral theft, and trespass by car need also monitoring.
64. Construction of Facilities for Izu Nature Learning and Experience
Izu Nature Study and Future Building Branch, OISCA Inc. (Japan)
In the scenic village-mountain-woods of Shuzenji-cho, Tagata-gun, Shizuoka prefecture, a training institute targeted at youth born and grown up in cities, with few opportunities to be in touch with the nature, is built. Here opportunities are also given for forest preservation activities, nature observation, study of the history of the tradition and culture of Satoyama, agricultural training, and contact of Japanese & foreign youth.
65. Re-constructing the habitat of Nipponia nippon - restoration of coppice and agriculture landscape -
Field Center for Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry, Niigata University
The Ministry of Environment and Niigata Prefecture, under the premise of the returning of released wild Toki (crested ibis) around 2006, is enforcing environment policies in the Sado Island. However, the Satoyama environment of the Sado island gets worse sharply. And the number of crested ibis increases. Specifying the concrete model of Satoyama, where crested ibises live, the vision turned to released Toki at the end of the 2004 fiscal year. (Biotope construction, open classes, etc. are carried out)
66. Further creation of "the Nature Study Garden" at the site of Fukushimagata into one more richer in nature and life, and to further promote the conservation of Fukushimagata
Network Fukushimagata
Fukushimagata of Niigata Prefecture is a lagoon where wild birds, such as Bean Geese designated as National Nature Treasure, and treasured water plants are seen. Living beings and water investigation, planting of makomo (Indian rice) the food of Bean Geese, etc. are promoted in cooperation with the citizens in the "Nature Study Garden." Moreover, delivery work of observation meeting on nature conservation is carried out.
67. An investigation of a situation of landing and laying eggs, habitation of the sea turtle in Iriomote National Park
Sea Turtle Association of Japan
While the western area in Iriomote National Park is the important habitat of sea turtles, here the number of these creatures and, consequently, their number of times of landing / laying eggs are decreasing. Since for their preservation the situation must be grasped, their places of landing / laying-eggs are traced by means of signals and transmitters.